Spelling, Punctuation and Grammar requirements to be covered within Year 6


Transcription/spelling Use further prefixes and suffixes and understand the guidance for adding them.
Spell some words with ‘silent’ letters.
Continue to distinguish between homophones and other words which are often confused.
Use knowledge of morphology and etymology in spelling and understand that the spelling of some words needs to be learnt specifically.
Spell most words correctly in writing, including common exception words.*
Use dictionaries to check the spelling and meaning of words.
Use the first three or four letters of a word to check spelling, meaning or both of these in a dictionary.
Use a thesaurus.


Vocabulary, Punctuation and Grammar Use hyphens to avoid ambiguity (e.g. ‘re-creation’/ ‘recreation’).
Recognise vocabulary and structures that are appropriate for formal speech and writing, including subjunctive forms. Selecting vocabulary and grammatical structures that reflect the level of formality mostly correctly*.
Use passive verbs (‘the bags were packed’) and modal verbs mostly appropriately* (might, could, should) to affect the presentation of information in a sentence
Understand how words are related by meaning as synonyms and antonyms [for example, big, large, little].
Link ideas across paragraphs using a wider range of cohesive devices, including adverbials, within and across sentences and paragraphs*: repetition of a word or phrase, grammatical connections.
Use a wide range of clause structures, sometimes varying their position within the sentence*.
Use adverbs, preposition phrases and expanded noun phrases effectively to add detail, qualification and precision*.
Understand layout devices to structure texts.
Use semi-colons, colons or dashes to mark boundaries between independent clauses.
Use a colon to introduce a list.
Use inverted commas, commas for clarity, and punctuation for paranthesis mostly correctly, and making some use of semi-colons, dashes, colons and hyphens*.
Punctuate bullet points consistently.
Use and understand the grammatical terminology in English Appendix 2 Year 6 accurately and appropriately in discussing their writing and reading (subject, object, active, passive, synonym, antonym, ellipsis, hyphen, colon, semi-colon, bullet points).