Spelling, Punctuation and Grammar requirements to be covered within Year 5


Transcription/spelling Use further prefixes and suffixes and understand the guidance for adding them.
Spell some words with ‘silent’ letters [for example, knight, psalm, solemn].
Continue to distinguish between homophones and other words which are often confused.
Use knowledge of morphology and etymology in spelling and understand that the spelling of some words needs to be learnt specifically.
Use dictionaries to check the spelling and meaning of words.
Use the first three or four letters of a word to check spelling, meaning or both of these in a dictionary.
Use a thesaurus.
Vocabulary, Punctuation and Grammar Use modal verbs or adverbs to indicate degrees of possibility (might, should, could).
Use brackets, dashes or commas to indicate parenthesis.
Use and understand the grammatical terminology in English Appendix 2 Year 5 accurately and appropriately in discussing their writing and reading – (modal verb, relative pronoun, relative clause, parenthesis, bracket, dash, cohesion, ambiguity).
Use relative clauses beginning with who, which, where, when, whose, that or with an implied (i.e. omitted) relative pronoun.
Convert nouns or adjectives into verbs using suffixes (for example, –ate; –ise; –ify).
Understand verb prefixes (for example, dis–, de–, mis–, over– and re–).
Understand devices to build cohesion within a paragraph (for example, then, after that, this, firstly).
Understand linking ideas across paragraphs using adverbials of time (for example, later), place (for example, nearby) and number (for example, secondly) or tense choices (for example, he had seen her before).
Use commas to clarify meaning or avoid ambiguity in writing.